Essential Places To Discover In Fuerteventura
Here is a selection of the top 9 monuments of the city, with an extract of the texts available in the country and written by our teams of specialists.
Casa de los Coroneles
It is a palace built in the eighteenth century, located near the city of Oliva, which served as a residence for colonels who have been in power for two centuries. This sumptuous palace is attributed to Ginés de Cabrera Bethencourt; it is a visible representation of the military power. Its facade has a modern appearance with its eight balconies and regularly spaced windows. The two crenellated towers reinforce the military aspect of the residence. The door and the shutters are of rustic Spanish type; they are made up of small wooden rectangles nicely worked. The Casa is based on a square of 42 m sides; there are three patios inside, one of which was to give access to all the outbuildings and the other two were used for various activities. The first floor housed the apartments of the colonel, whose function was hereditary, and his family, while the ground floor was functional and accommodated the services, the attic, stables, offices and other dependencies for military use. The building also contains a private chapel. In the immediate vicinity were the Plaza de Armas limited by a cistern, two small annexes of traditional style, the stables, the Explanada de Actos and the Rosa del Coronel, agricultural complex that surrounds the palace; some of these buildings are in ruins. the Explanada de Actos and the Rosa del Coronel, an agricultural complex that surrounds the palace; some of these buildings are in ruins. the Explanada de Actos and the Rosa del Coronel, an agricultural complex that surrounds the palace; some of these buildings are in ruins.
Natural Park of Islote de Lobos
The islet of Wolves has an area of 6 km 2and a coast length of 17 km. It is so named because it was occupied for a long time by a very important colony of "sea wolves", a species of seal. But these seals eat 30 to 40 kg of fish daily, which was not to please the many fishermen of Corralejo. They practically eliminated the species; now, we are trying to reintroduce endangered sea lions, despite the opposition of fishermen. The island has been declared a natural park because it hosts nearly 130 plant species and many species of birds, including the silver gull and the bustard. Its seabed is also very rich and is also a protected area. The island is a favorite place for people passionate about flora, fauna and geology.
Montaña de Tindaya
This mountain which rises to a height of 400 m above sea level, stands out clearly on the uniform plateau of Esquinzo, 150 m high. It is 6 km from the ocean. It contains many rock carvings, 300 in all, often in the form of feet, which indicate that this mountain was a sacred place for the Mahos. The significance of these engravings is not known: it has simply been noted that the engravings of the Tindaya are oriented towards Teide in the island of Tenerife or to the island of Gran Canaria. In the same way, rock carvings of the island of Lanzarote are oriented towards the Tindaya! It is likely that this mountain was an important site for the aborigines and was a true open air temple for the Mahos: it is supposed that they had to practice magic or symbolic rituals, to observe the stars, to determine accurately the winter solstice, to link religion to the position of the stars. For centuries, Tindaya was known as the "Mountain of Witches", perhaps because aborigines continued to practice their cults, although they converted to Christianity. You can climb the slopes of the mountain, but only with an official guide.
Jandia Natural Park
It is located on the Jandia peninsula south of Fuerteventura; it has been a protected area since 1987. Its northern part consists of the peaks of a mountain range and an expanse which descends rapidly towards the sea. It continues to the east by the desert zone of the Costa Calma, which brings it to the rest of the island. The southern part descends to the other side with U-shaped gorges: it contains the highest peak of Fuerteventura: the Pico de la Zarza (897 m). The most important small town is Cofete. The peninsula is of great geological and biological interest. Its fauna and flora contain many endemic, endangered and protected species. Birds in particular are protected by international provisions. The rare plants are in particular the cardoon of Jandia, the "cardonal tabaibal", the "tajinastes de Jandia", the magarzas of Winter and the anise of Jandia. There are 28 species of birds nesting in the park and a host of other animals.
Cueva del Llano
This volcanic tube, which is at least a million years old, is near Villaverde, north of Fuerteventura; it was formed during the eruption of the volcano of Montaña Escanfraga. It has a length of 600 m, but can only be covered over 400 m: height between 7 and 12 m, width between 3 and 5 m. It has been used for various activities: camel enclosures, henhouse, powder keg, etc ... The entrance to the tunnel is due to a "jameo", that is to say, a collapse of the ground. Before the visit, we go through the interpretation center where we receive explanations on the great geological variety of the island and the richness of its soil. Inside the cueva lives a very special cavernous fauna: pececillo de plata (small silver fish), and a fantastic arachnid (arachnid) named Opilión that looks like a spider and found only in this cave. This arthropod has become blind by living in darkness.
Cueva de Ajuy
This cave is located in the protected rural park of Betancuria; it was formed from a lava flow over a ravine. You reach the path that leads to the cave by a wide stone ramp; the path continues for 1.5 km along an impressive ravine 100 million years old. Its rocks formed (- 145; - 66 million years) in the depths of the sea: these are the oldest rocks of the Canaries which are part of the "Complejo Basal". You can see fossils of marine gastropods there and read the formation of Fuerteventra there are 70 million years, thanks to sediments and rock formations (with a small training in geology anyway!). These rocks are part of the oceanic crust that formed at 3000 m depth. One can even observe rock formations dating from the Pleistocene (- 2000000; - 10000). During the path, you go through a palm grove and you can access a viewpoint.
Las Salinas del Carmen
These are the only saltworks still active in Fuerteventura. Until the 18th century, people had royal permission to use salt from natural salt for their own needs or to sell it, but only on the island. The first artificial salt works, the Salinas del Carmen, were only built at the end of the 18th century. They were updated in 1910, the structure now being clay lined with stone. After a period of partial abandonment, the municipality rehabilitated this saline and created a museum. In its interior are developed the following themes: localization, formation and history of salt, saline ecosystems, culture and applications of salt, Salines of the Canary Islands, saline of Carmen.
Puerto del Rosario
This city of 29000 inhabitants is the capital of the island. It has many spaces dedicated to culture. Its auditorium contains 570 seats; it hosts plays, ballet shows and concerts, as well as conferences, galas and political meetings. The Juan Ismael Art Center is in the El Charco district; it has exhibition halls on three levels, with a photographic laboratory, a conference room and an art studio. Casa-Museo Miguel de Unamuno returns the world of the philosopher during his stay in Fuerteventura in 1924. The Sala de Exposiciones of the Casa de la Cultura in Puerto del Rosario is a large exhibition hall, next to the auditorium, which hosts exhibitions of paintings and photographs. The Ecomuseo la Alcogida is a small village located in Tefia, where we have restored 7 traditional houses, in which we can attend various activities of traditional rural life. The Sculpture Park presents 50 sculptures from the International Sculpture Symposium organized annually since 2001, which are scattered throughout the city.
El Parque Escultorio
Puerto des Rosario has a park of one hundred open-air sculptures, which are the fruits of the annual sculpture symposia that began in 2001. The works are created during the symposium by sculptors who come from various parts of the world, to make a work on the spot in front of everyone. The impetus was given by the municipality of Pájara, which, first, had deployed statues to improve the urban landscape. The most outstanding work is Cuban sculptural group "Caminos" Lisbet Fernández: it is a group of 30 sculptures that illustrate the vision of the future of several children and expresses his ideas with force; but they are in Pájara. There are some remarkable sculptures: "Tribute to fishermen", "La Apañada" (Tribute to breeders), "Tribute to Juan Placeres Francés" by Cuban sculptor Rafael Gómez González, the "Toy of the Wind" by Cesar Manrique, and the "Cabra Costiera" by José Miguel Cubas. The statues are scattered throughout the city. The statue "La Fuente de la Esplanada" by Amando González and Nicolae Fleissig in particular is near the port. It is the GPS coordinates of this impressive statue that were chosen to signal the park.